Location, fauna

Location

The climate and soil conditions of the botanic garden are rather adverse. The annual precipitation is somewhat more than 500 mm, characteristic to the dry areas of the Great Hungarian Plains, with rather extreme climate, caracterized by long summer-droughts, and the maximum temperature approaches 40 °C in extreme cases, while the winter minimum can drop even to -30 °C. There is a scattered snow cover, early and late frosts and, in the low-lying areas of the garden, fogs are frequent. The soil of the garden is calcareous windblown sand, bound sand and clay.

The natural vegetation in the closer environs of the botanic garden reflects well these extreme conditions, as on the natural sandy lands at the end of the garden leather grasses are fluttering in the wind and the nearby hills are covered with oakwood of dry loess-land. A fresh dash of colour is represented only by the narrow strips of riverside forests along the streams and by the bogs to be still found here and there the remains of which can be observed also along the garden lake and stream in the huge specimens of the Hungarian ash (Fraxinus angustifolia ssp. pannonica) and the robur (Quercus robur).

The tree-vegetation of the garden also provides a home for a rich fauna, 53 bird species nest in this area. The extreme factors preclude growing several plants well-known from botanic gardens of more favourable climate (e.g. Rhododendrons, Azaleas), and the plant growth of the garden can be maintained only by regular careful watering. At the same time the visitor can see almost a thousand characteristic species of the Hungarian flora here, not to mention the interesting plants of the Russian steppes, Central-Asian mountains or those of the Rocky Mountains in America, and the trees and shrubs from the Far East.

Kis Tece Conservation Area
Kis Tece Conservation Area
Festuca vaginata
Festuca vaginata
Stipa borysthenica
Stipa borysthenica

Fauna of the Garden

The protected garden with its diverse plant cover provides an excellent habitat for different animals.

The stone wall around the garden determines which mammal animal groups can live here. These are rodents (red squirrels, hazel dormouses), small predators (beech martens, least weasels, foxes, european otters), insectivora (hedgehog, shrews and several bat species).

62 bird species nest here according to monitoring data taken so far. Thrushes, tits, woodpeckers, warblers, owls, nightingales, chaffinches, greenfinches, nuthatches and some rare species can be found here.

Many lizards and amphibians also find favourable habitats in the garden. 22 fish species live in our ponds. 73 terrestrial and aquatic mollusc species inhabit this area. Due to the diverse plant life insects can be found in great variety. The fauna is also under protection.

Hedgehog
Hedgehog
European green lizard
European green lizard
Eurasian nuthatch
Eurasian nuthatch
Firebug larvae
Firebug larvae
Bat in winter
Bat in winter
Stag beetle
Stag beetle
Great spotted woodpecker
Great spotted woodpecker
Blue tit
Blue tit
Red squirrel
Red squirrel
Trace of fox
Trace of fox
Traces of mallard
Traces of mallard
Traces of squirrel
Traces of squirrel
Antlion (Myrmeleon formicarius)
Antlion (Myrmeleon formicarius)
Cynips divisa
Cynips divisa

Opening times

Closed due to Covid situation
Thank you!

Institute of Ecology and Botany
Botanical Garden in Vácrátót
Address: Alkotmány str. 2-4. 2163 Vácrátót
Tel: 36 28 360 122
Email: botanikuskert [at] ecolres.hu
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nemzetibotanikuskert

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